Not cleanly, but there are ways you can ‘fake’ it… For example, duplicate all the questions in various different random orders in several groups, and then use a random() function to pick which group to display using the group’s relevance. Its not truly ‘random’ - with 10 questions there 10! = 3628800 different permutations - but if you, say, hardcode 10 groups with a different permutation it may appear sufficiently random for your purposes. [or you can hardcode 3.5 million groups for a better result… ]
There a a few threads on this topic on the ODK Forum.